If at any point a person experiences increase in blood sugar or blood glucose, the person is believed to be suffering from diabetes. In cases of type 1 diabetes mellitus, the pancreas experiences failure in producing insulin, which is a very essential hormone that helps glucose get into our cells for energy production. If it were not for insulin, then a lot of glucose is stored in our blood. If the increase in glucose in the blood goes untreated, then the victim is prone to serious problems in or experienced with the heart, nerves, kidneys, eyes, teeth and gums. This paper, therefore discusses the physical, cognitive and psychosocial characteristics that a registered nurse needs to put in mind so that the kind of education given on the disease would have an influence for learning purposes of a 12, 70 and 5 years old respectively.
Appropriate diabetes education for a 12 year old or children of the same age who suffer from type 1 diabetes is strong and multifaceted. With this in place, the RNs should be educators who posses several set of abilities or talents including excellent communication, kindness, understanding, accommodative and comprehensively aware and has acquired knowledge on diabetes in childhood. It is also significant to make an assurance to the child that the relationship with him will be confidential. In addition, peer groups should be utilized since they play a vital role as well. Children in this age group fall under psychological stage versus role bewilderment. With this in mind, it is important to recall that the child might have feelings that are unbeatable and unassailable. When teaching a child of this age, it is important to consider that formal operation is his cognitive stage. Building a past learning by the use of logic reasoning, using audiovisuals, role playing and providing reading materials is significantly beneficial. Engaging in a one-on-one teaching and setting goals for them is also important.
Teaching Strategies for a 70 Year Old Man
A 70 year old is in the adulthood stage and requires teaching tactics that are proper. People of this age group undergo changes that are cognitive, psychosocial and sensory that should be considered when educating them. Changes like low capability of thinking conceptually and process information, diminished short-term remembrance, losing the sense of hearing, changes in sight, tiredness and energy levels that have diminished, formal learning intimidations, selective learning and diminished risk taking are the most known changes that they are likely to experience. It is important to keep in mind that when educating such people, the use of strong examples, relevant and information that are of meaning, keeping explanations brief, using recurrence and support of information, encouraging lively involvement, introducing one idea at a time and giving them time of processing information is vital. In addition, it is important to speak in low tone and maintain eye contact when speaking to them, for the reasons that they might be experiencing problems in their hearing. Since they might be experiencing sight problems, it is also important to use visuals containing large letters and prints that are nicely spaced, utilize plain white backgrounds and prints should be black, and so on. Finally, it is also important to use the experiences of the past for the reasons that they tend to give much focus on the experiences of the past.
Teaching Strategies for 5 Year a Old Boy
For the instances of a 5 year old, he or she still falls under early childhood stage. Children of this age benefit from trust related teaching strategies. When teaching this child, the use of information that is detailed is highly significant. The use of explanations that are brief and simple also play a key role. Such children also require positive support for their actions and a reassurance of not blaming themselves. Finally, it is important to use simple drawings, dolls, puppets and giving the child a chance to touch and observe the equipment used.