Obesity is becoming a major global challenge across all generations. The prevailing rise in childhood obesity has become a major public health concern among nurses in different facilities around the globe. In essence, this topic proves pivotal in helping caregivers to examine and validate the correlation and causal relationships between the symptoms and the variability in people’s way of living. Therefore, Santina et al. (2020), in the article “Tackling childhood obesity through a school-based physical activity- PA programme: A cluster randomised trial” offers fundamental research in this area of study. Essentially, the authors mention that there was no conflict of interest in their study and that the findings are factual establishment realized from the sample populations of interest. The main question for this research: “what is the efficacy of the intervention in increasing the PA levels and proportion of children with ≥30-min daily school-based?” (Santina et al. 2020 p. 3),
The study used a sample population of 374 kids between the age of 10-12 years to conduct randomized trials on the correlation between obesity and physical activity parameters in societies. Based on their approach, the key factors included dependent variables, which are obesity-related, such as body mass index and waist circumference, and independent variables, such as physical activity and psychosocial elements among the children. Similarly, the authors used categorical scales of measurement to establish the significant correlations among the samples highlighting the benefits of self-care and wellness practices among all generations. The key limitations included small sample size and age group of 10-12 years because they focused on ages where learners can easily adopt new information. The reliability test was conducted using primary data and means, contrast analysis results, Cohen’s d-values and ratios, which also helped establish validity of the result.
This article will be important to nurses in helping them have useful insights on the benefits of physical fitness among their patients. As a result, the caregivers can use the pieces of information to educate the public about engaging in exercise as a public health practice to avoid accumulating calories in the body system to stay healthy and fit. There are both theoretical concepts and values examined by the authors, which articulate the benefits of positive behavior towards one’s well-being.
In a real sense, lifestyle disorders such as obesity are more prevalent to people with sedentary lifestyles and related conditions, including genetic make-up. At the same time, children who participated in the school intervention programs showcased positive results on the correlation between the exercises and obesity-related variables. The cluster sampling study design was effective because it involved hands-on analysis of the factors considered important in the study. According to Turner (2014), evidence-based practice is a useful technique in nursing and medical practices. All physicians should conduct their operations based on first-hand information and experiences with patients. As a result, there is a clear need to inculcate certain approaches in the school systems to help avert the burden laid on nurses to educate the public on basic wellness principles, including exercising and nutrition. Utilizing this article will enhance practical advocacy among children to help them become responsible adults in their later days of life.
To conclude, learning about obesity is an important venture, especially concerning children. The evaluated article provides insightful findings on the values of engaging in standard health practices in schools and other environments to reduce the spread and prevalence of obesity and other lifestyle diseases. Concurrently, registered and practicing nurses can use this information to educate their patients as well as the public on the value of physical activity on health outcomes.
Santina, T., Beaulieu, D., Gagné, C., & Guillaumie, L. (2020). Tackling childhood obesity through a school-based physical activity programme: A cluster randomised trial. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 1-17.
Turner, M. (2014). Evidence-based practice in health. University of Canberra Library.