The article studied is titled “All they said was my kidneys were dead”: Indigenous Australian patients’ understanding of their chronic kidney disease. The article was selected as an example of a qualitative research article. The participants of the research were selected by the researchers and there was no randomization in the research. The research has two comparison groups of indigenous and non-indigenous patients.
The problem under study was the level of understanding of patients, suffering from chronic kidney disease, about the cause of their diseases
Statement of Purpose
The purpose of the study was seeking to establish the understanding of both indigenous and non-indigenous Australians about the cause of the disease. The research also aimed at establishing how the understanding could affect the patient in terms of treatment engagement.
The research questions were not structured but covered various areas including illness history, adequacy of information and communication, attitudes towards treatment, and satisfaction with services offered.
The study utilized face-to-face interviews between the investigators and patients. The interviews were digitally recorded and transcribed for analysis purposes at a later date. Some of the interviews were conducted in indigenous languages using non-indigenous interviewers, with extensive understanding of the languages.
Upon investigation, the research found that indigenous Australians appeared confused, frustrated, and feeling poorly informed about the illness. The study showed a low understanding of the disease among indigenous Australians.
The title of the article under analysis is rapid versus standard intravenous rehydration in pediatric gastroenteritis: a pragmatic randomized clinical trial. This is a quantitative research article seeking to compare the efficiency of rapid rehydration and that of intravenous rehydration in children suffering from gastroenteritis. The article was selected as an example of a quantitative research article comparing two treatment methods and could be classified as a clinical trial.
The problem identified in the study remains the application of length intravenous rehydration methods in the treatment of pediatric gastroenteritis. The major problem within the research remained the prolonged treatment methods utilized in treating this important ailment.
Statement of Purpose
The purpose of the research was to determine whether rapid rehydration would essentially improve the rehydration process when administered in children suffering from gastroenteritis. Rapid rehydration would replace the standard intravenous methods currently utilized in treating the condition.
The main research question presented in the study was, do rapid rehydration rather than standard intravenous rehydration improve the results of hydration and clinical outcomes, if administered in children with gastroenteritis.
The method utilized included randomization of groups receiving the interventions. The research also included blinding of the various participants within the study including, caregivers, assessors, investigators, and statisticians. The report followed the blinding system of data collection
The key findings, following completion of the research, included establishing that rapid rehydration did not provide any significant benefits. The research failed to display evidence regarding the difference between rapid and standard rehydration methods utilized in the treatment of gastroenteritis.
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