My particular community, which is the object of this project, is White, Black, and Hispanic populations. It considers both males and females determined as White Hispanic or non-Hispanic and Black Hispanic and non-Hispanic ones. This community is known for the tendency to possess a variety of health issues that make it essential to examine prevalent problems specific to it.
There are numerous determinants of health, some of which are particularly significant to my community. According to the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services (n.d.) Hispanic health is influenced by “language/cultural barriers, lack of access to preventive care and the lack of health insurance” (Health). Therefore, such determinants as barriers to accessing health services, as completely reflected in the lower level of the Hispanic population’s health. They and the Black people are highly exposed to social determinants, as a community can be judgmental that derives into numerous issues. They directly or implicitly influence the mentioned population’s level of health negatively. Discrimination, lack of resources to meet daily needs, concentrated poverty, exposure to crime, social disorder, and violence decrease the opportunity to maintain the appropriate state of health Wilkinson, R. & Marmot, M., 2003). On the other hand, the white population is more vulnerable to such determinants as lack of physical activity, alcohol, cigarette, and other drug use (Wilkinson, R. & Marmot, M., 2003).
The population, I believe is at higher risk than the two others, is Hispanic. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2015), “Hispanics are about 50% more likely to die from diabetes or liver disease than whites.” Moreover, this population has 23% more individuals with obesity and 24% more poorly controlled high blood pressure (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2015). It is possible to conclude that the Hispanic population suffers from obesity and diabetes more than two other populations which indicates the necessity to focus efforts on this issue.
Wilkinson, R. & Marmot, M. (Eds.). (2003). Social determinants of health: The solid facts. WHO Library Cataloguing.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2015). Hispanic Health. CDC. Web.
U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. (n.d.). Profile: Hispanic/Latino Americans. CDC. Web.