Public health program and planning project
Along with other lifestyle diseases, heart diseases have attracted increasing concerns to the global population due to the increasing yearly deaths. According to the American Heart Association (2019), in the United States, over 610,000 people die of the disease each year. While health professionals suggest physical activity, fresh produce, and regulated alcohol intake as the best treatment for the disease, their directives have not impacted the population equally.
The application of the preventive guidelines is more applicable to the male demographics than the females due to women’s biological and social nature. While women of the childbearing age are the most affected bracket of the female population, they do not do physical exercise adequately, especially during pregnancy and the lactation period (Wong et al., 2017). They also have less access to heart disease management information as compared to men (American (Heart Association, 2019). This research will investigate the application of these factors among women of childbearing age with a New York State case study.
Research Goal and Objectives
- To investigate how the cost of treatment affects heart disease women of childbearing age.
- To evaluate how the quality of life influences heart disease women of a fertile age.
- To determine how lack of health care services affects heart disease women of childbearing span.
|Objective 1 (Not-So-SMART Objective): The first objective isto investigate how the cost of treatment affects heart disease women of childbearing age|
|Reason for Objective: Heart diseases cost cardiovascular patients over $320 billion in the US population every year(2020). Health people also acknowledge that thereis an inadequate tracking mechanism of the costs incurred that could inform the policymakers on the costs of heart disease treatment. Women of childbearing age are associated with financial challenges due to unemployment and equality in society. This objective will help to the extent the economic disparities among women at their fertile age could affect the lives of heart disease patients.|
|SMART Criteria||Objective 2 Criteria|
|Specific – What is the specific task?||The objective target is to develop a strategy to improve the affordability of heart disease care services.|
|Measurable – What are the standards or parameters?||Cost is quantifiable in that specific costs incurred are determined by the prices charged for the health care services in the hospitals. The patients can evaluate the costs incurred from case receipts from payment.|
|Achievable – Is the task feasible?||This objective is attainable since the patients are accessible, the hospitals have records, and the respondents will be willing to share their experiences.|
|Realistic – Are sufficient resources available?||The goal is relevant for this study because the high cost can prevent patients from access to health care services. Where the costs of treating the disease are high, more deaths are likely to get reported.|
|Time-Bound – What are the start and end dates?||The research will adopt a cross-sectional time frame where the researcher will visit both the health care facilities and the identified patients to issue survey forms and pick them up later after two weeks.|
|SMART Plan – Objective 1: Investigate the different costs incurred by women at childbearing age in treating heart diseases.|
|Objective 2 (Not-So-SMART Objective): ): Evaluate how the quality of life influences heart disease women in the childbearing age.|
|Reason for Objective: According toHealthy People (2020), the quality of life affects heart disease in women. Most people with inadequate enrollment for treatment were the old, the poor, and women in gender-biased societies—the objective aimed at determining the application of specific parameters for measuring the quality of life.|
|SMART Criteria||Objective 2 Criteria|
|Specific – What is the specific task?||The quality of life will get determined based on mortality rate, physical disabilities, and income levels.|
|Measurable – What are the standards or parameters?||The tasks of determination such as mortality rate and level of income are measurable in quantifiable terms. The stories of physical disabilities will get estimated on a scale of 1-5.|
|Achievable – Is the task feasible?||The task is feasible in that adequate health records are available. Many patients who have suffered the disease are open and willing to their financial needs in accessing heart disease medical care.|
|Realistic – Are sufficient resources available?||Mortality rates and physical disabilities will be obtained from the health records of the facilities selected for the study. The levels of income will be provided by the patient respondents.|
|Time-Bound – What are the start and end dates?||Quality of life parameters will get recorded within the two weeks of data collection.|
|SMART Plan – Objective 2: To determine the mortality rate of women suffering from heart diseases at childbearing age, their levels of physical disability, and their levels of income.|
|Reason for Objective: The objective is appropriate because it directly affects heart disease patients.Thompson et al. (2019) found disparities in health care availability between rural and urban areas. This objective was appropriate to help determine the existence of the health care scarcity for treating the disease in New York state.|
|SMART Criteria||Objective 3 Criteria|
|Specific – What is the specific task?||To determine the availability of health care services, the researcher will examine the average distance from the households to the heart disease care facilities, the level of funding of the hospitals, and the availability of skilled medical personnel in the heart disease field.|
|Measurable – What are the standards or parameters?||The average distance to the health facility will get estimated by calculating distance; the skills of the doctors will get determined based on the number of years of experience and academic and professional qualifications.|
|Achievable – Is the task feasible?||The tasks are feasible in that distance will be estimated by the researcher; the funding levels will be obtained from health records, while the doctors’ skills will get provided by the doctors chosen for study.|
|Realistic – Are sufficient resources available?||Adequate personnel, funding, and research instruments are available for conducting the study.|
|Time-Bound – What are the start and end dates?||Data on the availability of health care services will get recorded within the two weeks of data collection.|
|SMART Plan – Objective 3: To determine the average distance from women households suffering from heart diseases to the hospital, the level of funding of the hospitals by the government, and the level of skills of the doctors.|
The expected outcome for the project by implementing the SMART objectives
SMART goals help the researcher to identify the main problem in the study. The main problem of research is heart disease in women of childbearing age. The objectives identify the problems as costs of treatment, quality of life, and inadequate health care in hospitals studied using various parameters. The SMART goals also guide the researcher throughout the research process. At the end of the research process, the researcher can recognize the extent of the success of the research by determining whether the study solved the research problems. The SMART objectives are also used as tools for reviewing the progress and performance of the research process. The outcome of the SMART objective is qualitative research that can guide the government and the women demographics on the factors affecting heart diseases.
American Heart Association News. (2019). Environment, culture, other social determinants play big role in heart health. American Heart Association News. Web.
Healthy People. (2020). Heart disease and stroke. Healthy People. Web.
Thompson, S., Nedkoff, L., Katzenellenbogen, J., Hussain, M., & Sanfilippo, F. (2019). Challenges in managing acute cardiovascular diseases and follow up care in rural areas: A narrative review. NCBI. Web.
Wong, A. Y., Chan, E. W., Anand, S., Worsley, A. J., & Wong, I. C. (2017). Managing cardiovascular risk of macrolides: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Drug Safety, 40(8), 663-677. Web.