Environmental Public Issue: Water Pollution
Water pollution is a public health issue that affects virtually everybody in the world. Examination of the impacts of water pollution across the world indicates that 50,000 people die daily due to diseases caused by water pollution (Gambhir, Kapoor, Nirola, Sohi, & Bansal, 2012). Pollutants such as pathogens, parasites, and chemicals enter into the water and make them unsafe or harmful for industrial, agricultural, and domestic uses. The sources of pollutants are human activities in areas such as industries, homes, and farms. Industrial, domestic, and agricultural wastes contaminate or pollute water sources and bodies, and thus, cause diseases among the populations. Essentially, water pollution is a common public health issue in urban centers and slums in developing countries, where industrial, domestic, and agricultural wastes are under poor regulation (Gambhir et al., 2012). Therefore, the term paper examines the issue of water pollution in relation to the career development career in the field of public health.
What motivates me to get involved in the issue of water pollution is my interest in the field of public health. As public health is the science of protecting populations and improving their health, ensuring safety of water by checking pollution is imperative. The field of environmental health is growing tremendously owing to increased effects of pollutants on the health of communities and thus a robust field of study. Currently, “there is growing demand for experts in environmental health and industrial hygiene” (What is Public Health?, n.d., para. 4). In this view, my motivation lies in developing my career as a public health scientist, who has the capacity to protect the health of communities and improve their health conditions by ensuring that water is free from pollutants and safe for human consumption and use.
The issue of water pollution relates to the graduate program of public health because it touches on the health of populations. Water is a ubiquitous resource that requires protection from pollutants so that people can easily access safe water for industrial, agricultural, and domestic purposes. As water pollution affects health of populations, it is an important aspect of public health. Public health deals with the health of populations and entails the promotion of healthy lifestyles and prevention of diseases (What is Public Health?, n.d., para. 3). Therefore, water pollution is a public health issue that falls within the sphere of graduate public health program.
As one of my goals in the field of public health, I intend to pursue masters in public health as a way of developing my career. According to The Princeton Review (2014), masters degree in public health prepares healthcare professionals to gain executive and administrative positions, where they can formulate policies and issue directives (para. 1). My second goal is to strengthen communities so that they can overcome health issues that affect them such as water pollution. World Health Organization states that health promotion is a means of building capacity and strengthening communities to prevent diseases and improve their health conditions (para. 1). Given that safety information is essential for people to live healthy lives, my third goal is to educate communities on the essence of living healthy lifestyles. Bureau of Labor Statistics (2014) states that public health educators campaign for improved health conditions by alienating safety issues and creating effective policies to curb them (para. 7). Hence, education of communities strengthens them to cope with the issue of water pollution.
To tackle the public health issue of water pollution, the populations should take precautions when using water, treat water before use, and always drink clean water. Moreover, government and relevant bodies should formulate legislations and policies, which stipulate conservation of water bodies and catchment areas, the disposal of domestic waste, the release of industrial chemicals, and the use of inputs in agriculture.
Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2014). What health educators and community health workers do. Web.
Gambhir, R., Kapoor, V., Nirola, A., Sohi, R., & Bansal, V. (2012). Water pollution Impact of pollutants and new promising techniques in purification process. Journal of Human Ecology, 37(2), 103-109.
The Princeton Review. (2014). Career: Health care administrator. Web.
What is Public Health? (n.d.). Careers in public health. Web.
World Health Organization. (2014). Health promotion: Areas of work. Web.